Florence (/ˈflɒrəns/ FLORR-ənss; Italian: Firenze [fiˈrɛntse] (listen)) is a city in central Italy and the capital city of the Tuscany region. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,084 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area.
Florence was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era. It is considered by many academics the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called “the Athens of the Middle Ages.” Its turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the city served as the capital of the Kingdom of Italy (established in 1861). The Florentine dialect forms the base of Standard Italian and it became the language of culture throughout Italy due to the prestige of the masterpieces by Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, Niccolò Machiavelli and Francesco Guicciardini.
The city attracts millions of tourists each year, and UNESCO declared the Historic Centre of Florence a World Heritage Site in 1982. The city is noted for its culture, Renaissance art and architecture and monuments. The city also contains numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and the Palazzo Pitti, and still exerts an influence in the fields of art, culture and politics. Due to Florence’s artistic and architectural heritage, Forbes has ranked it as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Florence plays an important role in Italian fashion, and is ranked in the top 15 fashion capitals of the world by Global Language Monitor; furthermore, it is a major national economic centre, as well as a tourist and industrial hub. In 2008 the city had the 17th-highest average income in Italy.
Chianti (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkjanti]), in Italy also referred to as Monti del Chianti (“Chianti Mountains”) or Colline del Chianti (“Chianti Hills”), is a rural region of Tuscany in the provinces of Florence, Siena and Arezzo, composed mainly of hills and mountains. It is known worldwide for the wine produced in and named for the region, Chianti.
The territory of Chianti was initially limited, in the thirteenth century, by the municipalities of Gaiole in Chianti, Radda in Chianti and Castellina in Chianti and thus defined the “Chianti League” (Lega di Chianti).
Cosimo III de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, even decided in 1716 to issue an edict in which he officially recognized the boundaries of the Chianti district, which was the first legal document in the world to define a wine production area.
The villages of Chianti are often characterized by Romanesque churches and fortified medieval castles, signs of the ancient wars between Siena and Florence or as Monteriggioni, a fortified village north of Siena, on the ancient Via Cassia that leads to Florence.
In addition to the cities already mentioned at the origin of this region, the city of Greve in Chianti radically expresses its connection directly in its name or as Impruneta which claims the name Impruneta in Chianti although it is not an official designation.
The name of Chianti wine refers to a region strictly located in the provinces of Florence, Siena, Arezzo, Pistoia, Pisa and Prato.
Cities in the region with explicit reference in their names:
Chiantishire is a nickname for an area of Tuscany, Italy, where many upper-class British citizens have moved or usually spend their holidays. The word is a late 20th century neologism and derives from Chianti, a red wine produced in central Tuscany, in particular in the provinces of Siena and Florence. The location rose to prominence in the UK in the mid 1990s when then Prime Minister Tony Blair chose it as one of his preferred summer retreats. Celebrities who have owned properties in the area include Sting, Bryan Ferry, Antonio Banderas and Richard Gere.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office estimated in 2012 that there were 28,000 Britons living in Italy.
WHAT IS INCLUDED IN THE PRICE:
– 7 nights in 3 and 4 star hotel in twin/double room (4
with swimming pool)
– 7 breakfast buffet
– 2 wine tasting of Chianti
– Luggage transfer
– Welcome briefing in the day of departure
– Maps, trip notes and detailed route directions
– Medical and baggage insurance
– Mtb rent: (Mtb 29”; Bike consignment in
Siena,specific setting): + 120 €
– Ebike rent: (Ebike mtb 29”; Bike consignment in
Siena,specific setting): + 190 €
– single room: + 180,00 €
– extra night in Florence: 75,00 € (pp in double) /
105,00 € (pp in single room)
What to Expect
Circular tour around Florence. 5 days on a bike to explore Chianti’s villages and hills. A tour that
alternates with long stretches of dirt roads along the popular path and of the “Eroica”.You will visit towns
such as Tavarnelle Val di Pesa, San Gimignano, Castellina, Radda, Gaiole and Greve in Chianti. Two wine
tastings are included in the tour (in Tavarnelle V.D.P. and Radda).
Minimu of participants 2
PERIOD 8 days / 7 nights
DATES every day from March to November 2015
BIKE Mountain bike, Hybrid, Electric bike
TERRAIN paved and dirt road
DIFFICULTY 3 on a scale of 5
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